Hudson River School

 

(above: Asher Brown Durand, circa 1869, photo by Abraham Bogardus)

 




Introduction

This section of the Traditional Fine Arts Organization (TFAO) catalogue Topics in American Art is devoted to the topic "Hudson River School." Articles and essays specific to this topic published in TFAO's Resource Library are listed at the beginning of the section. Clicking on titles takes readers directly to these articles and essays. The date at the end of each title is the Resource Library publication date.

After articles and essays from Resource Library are links to valuable online resources found outside our website. Links may be to museums' articles about exhibits, plus much more topical information based on our online searches. Following online resources may be information about offline resources including museums, DVDs, and paper-printed books, journals and articles.

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(above: Thomas Cole, 1846.)

Articles and essays from Resource Library:

Nelson Augustus Moore; essay by Todd and Marenda Stitzer (10/3/14)

Nature and the American Vision: Masterpieces of the Hudson River School (3/18/11)

Remember the Ladies: Women Artists of the Hudson River School (5/17/10)

Petticoats and Palettes:  Dress and Women Painters of the Hudson River School; essay by Olivia H. Good (5/17/10)

River Views of the Hudson River School (10/19/09)

Different Views in Hudson River School Painting; text by Judith Hansen O'Toole (4/14/08)

The Hudson River School at the New-York Historical Society: Nature and the American Vision (12/1/06)

American Scenery: Different Views in Hudson River School Painting (7/28/05)

For Spacious Skies: Hudson River School Paintings from the Henry and Sharon Martin Collection (7/18/05)

The Hudson River School at the New-York Historical Society: Nature and the American Vision (7/14/05)

American Eden: Landscape Paintings of the Hudson River School from the Collection of the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art (3/15/04)

Hudson River School: Masterworks from the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art (3/13/04)

Hudson River School: Masterworks from the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art; with article by Patricia McDonnell (9/7/04)

A Wilder Image Bright: Hudson River School Paintings from the Manoogian Collection (1/29/04)

Hudson River School: Masterworks from the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art (8/26/03)

Hudson River School Visions: The Landscapes of Sanford R. Gifford (8/8/03)

Art and Nature: The Hudson River School (3/7/00)

All that is Glorious: Paintings from the Hudson River School (2/24/00)

Art and Nature: The Hudson River School (1/20/00)

This Tranquil Land: Hudson River Paintings from the Hersen Collection (1/14/00)

Art and Nature: The Hudson River School (10/14/99)

Art & Nature: The Hudson River School Tours Nationally (8/4/99)

Art and Nature: The Hudson River School, Paintings from the Albany Institute of History & Art (7/27/99)

All that Is Glorious Around Us (Hudson River School Painters) (6/22/99)

 

 

(above: Frederic Edwin Church, date unknown)

 

Information from other Web sites

American Scenery: Different Views in Hudson River School Painting, was held February 26 - May 13, 2012 at the Blanton Museum of Art. The article from the Blanton includes .pdf gallery guides for the exhibition. Accessed May, 2014.

American Scenery: Different Views in Hudson River School Painting, an exhibit held 2/19/11 - 6/5/11 at the Reading Public Museum. Includes two online videos. newyorkhistoryblog.com

"Connoisseurship and the Hudson River School," by Jennifer Kriger; from Hawthorne Fine Art blog. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]

Home on the Hudson: Women and Men Painting Landscapes 1825-1875 from newyorkhistoryblog.com. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]

The Grand Women Artists of the Hudson River School, by Judith H. Dobrzynski, Smithsonian.com, July 27, 2010; from Judith H. Dobrzynski. Accessed August, 2015.

Home on the Hudson: Women and Men Painting Landscapes 1825-1875 from CUNY Graduate Center Ph.D Program in Art History and Boscobel Restoration. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]

Home on the Hudson: Women and Men Painting Landscapes 1825-1875 from NewYorkHistoryBlog.org. Accessed August, 2015.

The Hudson Flows West is a 2013 exhibit at the Frye Art Museum which says: "Drawn from holdings of the Frye Art Museum and local private collections, The Hudson Flows West explores how the complicated notion of manifest destiny informed emblematic depictions of the 'New World,' from the pristine beauty of the Hudson River Valley to the earliest images of the western frontier. While these depictions of spectacular and awe-inspiring natural phenomena were often used as rationale for expansion and exploitation of the wealth of resources they detailed, their works reflect the artists' deep reverence for the land, one that coincided with stirrings of environmental consciousness and the national call for preservation."  Accessed 3/17

Hudson River Museum provided as of 2013 books for online reading via Google Books.. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]

Hudson River School of painting from Newington Cropsey Foundation. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]

Hudson River School from Wikipedia. Accessed August, 2015.

Hudson River School Collection from the Albany Institute of History and Art. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]

Hudson River School Art Trail from hudsonriverschool.org. Accessed August, 2015.

A Hudson River School Legacy: The Newman Bequest and Other Gifts is a 2017 exhibit at the New-York Historical Society which says: "Inspired by the natural beauty of the Hudson River Valley region and the emotional intensity of the scenes captured by painters of the first self-consciously "American" school of art, the Newmans acquired works by artists including Thomas Cole, Frederic Edwin Church, and Martin Johnson Heade." Accessed 4/17

Hudson River School Visions: The Landscapes of Sanford R. Gifford from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. Accessed August, 2015.

Hudson River School from PBS. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]

Hudson River School Painters from askArt. Accessed August, 2015.

Hudson River School Trilogy, an exhibit held August 17 - October 21, 2007 at the Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center. Includes news release. From Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center. Accessed August, 2015.

List of Hudson River School artists from Wikipedia. Accessed August, 2015.

The Hudson River School, excerpt of essay by Arthur Danto, "Encounters & Reflections: Art in the Historical Present" from artchive.com

The Hudson River School by Kevin J. Avery, Department of American Paintings and Sculpture, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Accessed August, 2015.

Nature and the Grand American Vision: Masterpieces of the Hudson River School Painters, an exhibit held at the Columbia Museum of Art November 19, 2011 and on view through April 1, 2012. Includes description. image gallery and online audio from a lecture series. The Grand American Vision Humanities Lecture Series includes an exhibition opening lecture by Dr. Linda Ferber of the New-York Historical Society. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]

Thomas Cole's Voyage of Life was a 2016 exhibit from Chrysler Museum of Art which says "Spanning four monumental canvases, The Voyage of Life takes viewers on a journey through Childhood, Youth, Manhood, and Old Age, presenting each stage as progress along a grand but treacherous river.... These masterpieces from the collection of the Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute in Utica, N.Y.... embark on this historic tour together with many of the artist's seldom-exhibited original drawings and preliminary studies. The Chrysler's own Thomas Cole painting, The Angel Appearing to the Shepherds, the largest single canvas he ever created, joins this extraordinary tribute to one of the founding fathers of American art." See Thomas Cole from Resource Library essay and artfixdaily.com 10/20/14 article "Chrysler Museum Becomes "Thomas Cole Central" with Monumental Works from "Voyage of Life" and Chrysler Collection" Accessed 10/16

"Women Artists of the Hudson River School" by Jennifer C. Krieger, (.pdf file) from Spring 2010 issue of Antiques & Fine Art Magazine. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]

In October 2012 The Metropolitan Museum of Art launched MetPublications, an online resource that offers in-depth access to the Museum's print and online publications, covering art, art history, archaeology, conservation, and collecting. Titles relating to American representational art available for free viewing via.pdf download or online reading as of 2013 include: American Paradise: The World of the Hudson River School; Avery, Kevin J., Oswaldo Rodriguez Roque, John K. Howat, Doreen Bolger Burke, and Catherine Hoover Voorsanger (1987); Hudson River School Visions: The Landscapes of Sanford R. Gifford; Avery, Kevin J., and Franklin Kelly, with Claire A. Conway, and essays by Heidi Applegate and Eleanor James Harvey (2003). Accessed August, 2015.

 

Online videos:

The San Diego Museum of Art produced a video titled Asher Brown Durand, 1796-1886, Landscape-Composition: In the Catskills, available online through ArtBabble. According to ArtBabble, "Asher B. Durand is best known today for his enduring images of the American landscape, especially of the Hudson River Valley, the Catskills, and the Adirondack Mountains in New York. A founding member of the National Academy of Design, he studied engraving before devoting himself to landscape painting and was one of the primary painters of the Hudson River School. Durand's canvases reflect the great passion and unrelenting respect he possessed for the natural environment. In the detailed charcoal study for Landscape-Composition: In the Catskills, which he probably made on site, Durand included the small figural forms in the foreground; in this, the final painting of the subject, these tiny figures, juxtaposed with the immensity of the mountains and the breadth of the land before them, emphasize the awe-inspiring presence of the land itself." Accessed June, 2015. The San Diego Museum of Art also produced a video titled Thomas Moran, Below the Towers of Tower Falls, available online through ArtBabble. According to ArtBabble, "ArtStops are 15 minute, staff-led tours of one to three works on view. Museum curators and educators present these brief yet always enlightening and informative talks every Thursday and third Tuesday at noon. This week features: Thomas Moran, Below the Towers of Tower Falls, Yellowstone Park, 1909, with Lucy Eron, Art Educator" Accessed June, 2015.

The WGBH/Boston Forum Network is an audio and video streaming web site dedicated to curating and serving live and on-demand lectures, including a number of videos on Art and Architecture. Partners include a number of museums, colleges, universities and other cultural organizations. See listings of related videos in this catalogue indexed by partner name. Boston Athenaeum partnered with the WGBH Forum Network for a series of lectures on American art by David Dearinger, who is Susan Morse Hilles Curator of Paintings and Sculpture at the Boston Athenaeum. An art historian and curator, he received his Ph.D. from the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, with a specialty in nineteenth-century American art. Titles include: Hudson River School of American Landscape Painting, (1 hour, 11 minutes) a general introduction to the famous Hudson River School of American landscape painting. [March 29, 2005]. Accessed August, 2015.

 

Books:

not researched

 

DVD/VHS videos:

 
Hudson River and its Painters, The is a 57 minute 1988 video from the Metropolitan Museum of Art Series released by Home Vision Entertainment. The mid-nineteenth century saw the growth of America's first native school of landscape painters, artists inspired by the compelling beauty of the Hudson River Valley, who portrayed this and other romantic wilderness areas with an almost mystical reverence. This 57 minute video explores the life and work of the major artists of what came to be known as the Hudson River School -- Thomas Cole, Asher Durand, Frederic Church, Albert Bierstadt, John Kensett, Jasper Cropsey, Worthington Whittredge, Sanford Gifford, and George Inness. Although its members traveled widely, the growth and development of the school were centered around New York City, and its success reflected the ambitions of the youthful American nation. It presents more than 200 paintings, prints and photographs of the period and juxtaposes them with dramatic location photography of the Hudson River area. The Hudson Company in association with The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Hudson River and its Painters, The is available through the Sullivan Video Library at The Speed Art Museum which holds a sizable collection of art-related videos available to educators at no charge.
 

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Above artist photos courtesy of Wikipedia.

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