Hudson River School
(above: Asher Brown Durand, circa 1869, photo by Abraham
This section of the Traditional Fine Arts Organization (TFAO) catalogue Topics in American Art is devoted to the topic "Hudson River School." Articles and essays specific to this topic published in TFAO's Resource Library are listed at the beginning of the section. Clicking on titles takes readers directly to these articles and essays. The date at the end of each title is the Resource Library publication date.
After articles and essays from Resource Library are links to valuable online resources found outside our website. Links may be to museums' articles about exhibits, plus much more topical information based on our online searches. Following online resources may be information about offline resources including museums, DVDs, and paper-printed books, journals and articles.
We recommend that readers search within the TFAO website to find detailed information for any topic. Please see our page How to research topics not listed for more information.
Please send suggestions for additional content by sending an email to
(above: Thomas Cole, 1846.)
Articles and essays from Resource Library:
Nelson Augustus Moore; essay by Todd and Marenda Stitzer (10/3/14)
Nature and the American Vision: Masterpieces of the Hudson River School (3/18/11)
Remember the Ladies: Women Artists of the Hudson River School (5/17/10)
Petticoats and Palettes: Dress and Women Painters of the Hudson River School; essay by Olivia H. Good (5/17/10)
River Views of the Hudson River School (10/19/09)
Different Views in Hudson River School Painting; text by Judith Hansen O'Toole (4/14/08)
The Hudson River School at the New-York Historical Society: Nature and the American Vision (12/1/06)
American Scenery: Different Views in Hudson River School Painting (7/28/05)
For Spacious Skies: Hudson River School Paintings from the Henry and Sharon Martin Collection (7/18/05)
The Hudson River School at the New-York Historical Society: Nature and the American Vision (7/14/05)
American Eden: Landscape Paintings of the Hudson River School from the Collection of the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art (3/15/04)
Hudson River School: Masterworks from the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art (3/13/04)
Hudson River School: Masterworks from the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art; with article by Patricia McDonnell (9/7/04)
A Wilder Image Bright: Hudson River School Paintings from the Manoogian Collection (1/29/04)
Hudson River School: Masterworks from the Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art (8/26/03)
Hudson River School Visions: The Landscapes of Sanford R. Gifford (8/8/03)
Art and Nature: The Hudson River School (3/7/00)
All that is Glorious: Paintings from the Hudson River School (2/24/00)
Art and Nature: The Hudson River School (1/20/00)
This Tranquil Land: Hudson River Paintings from the Hersen Collection (1/14/00)
Art and Nature: The Hudson River School (10/14/99)
Art & Nature: The Hudson River School Tours Nationally (8/4/99)
Art and Nature: The Hudson River School, Paintings from the Albany Institute of History & Art (7/27/99)
All that Is Glorious Around Us (Hudson River School Painters) (6/22/99)
(above: Frederic Edwin Church, date unknown)
Information from other Web sites
American Paradise: The World of the Hudson River School, an exhibition catalog from Metropolitan Museum of Art, fully available online as PDF, 367 pages, introduction by John K. Howat. Accessed 5/18
American Scenery: Different Views in Hudson River School Painting, was held February 26 - May 13, 2012 at the Blanton Museum of Art. The article from the Blanton includes .pdf gallery guides for the exhibition. Accessed May, 2014.
American Scenery: Different Views in Hudson River School Painting, an exhibit held 2/19/11 - 6/5/11 at the Reading Public Museum. Includes two online videos. newyorkhistoryblog.com
"Connoisseurship and the Hudson River School," by Jennifer Kriger; from Hawthorne Fine Art. Accessed 5/18
The Grand Women Artists of the Hudson River School, by Judith H. Dobrzynski, Smithsonian.com, July 27, 2010; from Judith H. Dobrzynski. Accessed August, 2015.
Home on the Hudson: Women and Men Painting Landscapes 1825-1875 from NewYorkHistoryBlog.org. Accessed 5/18
The Hudson Flows West is a 2013 exhibit at the Frye Art Museum which says: "Drawn from holdings of the Frye Art Museum and local private collections, The Hudson Flows West explores how the complicated notion of manifest destiny informed emblematic depictions of the 'New World,' from the pristine beauty of the Hudson River Valley to the earliest images of the western frontier. While these depictions of spectacular and awe-inspiring natural phenomena were often used as rationale for expansion and exploitation of the wealth of resources they detailed, their works reflect the artists' deep reverence for the land, one that coincided with stirrings of environmental consciousness and the national call for preservation." Accessed 3/17
Hudson River School from Wikipedia. Accessed August, 2015.
Hudson River School Art Trail from hudsonriverschool.org. Accessed August, 2015.
A Hudson River School Legacy: The Newman Bequest and Other Gifts is a 2017 exhibit at the New-York Historical Society which says: "Inspired by the natural beauty of the Hudson River Valley region and the emotional intensity of the scenes captured by painters of the first self-consciously "American" school of art, the Newmans acquired works by artists including Thomas Cole, Frederic Edwin Church, and Martin Johnson Heade." Accessed 4/17
Hudson River School Visions: The Landscapes of Sanford R. Gifford from the National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. Accessed August, 2015.
Hudson River School Painters from askArt. Accessed August, 2015.
Hudson River School Trilogy, an exhibit held August 17 - October 21, 2007 at the Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center. Includes news release. From Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center. Accessed August, 2015.
List of Hudson River School artists from Wikipedia. Accessed August, 2015.
The Hudson River School, excerpt of essay by Arthur Danto, "Encounters & Reflections: Art in the Historical Present" from artchive.com
The Hudson River School by Kevin J. Avery, Department of American Paintings and Sculpture, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Accessed August, 2015.
"Nature and the American Vision: The Hudson River School" is an educators' essay from LACMA which says: "Nature and the American Vision: The Hudson River School is designed as a grand tour of the nineteenth-century American landscape, and the paintings on view reveal much about issues of national identity, westward expansion, mistreatment of the native population, and the beginnings of environmentalism in the United States." Accewssed 5/18
Nature and the American Vision: The Hudson River School is a 2016 exhibit at the Milwaukee Art Museum which says: " Nature and the American Vision: The Hudson River School transcends centuries to show visitors the powerful, breathtaking vistas that defined our heritage and shaped our nation. Accessed 8/18
The Poetry of Nature: Hudson River School Landscapes from the New-York Historical Society is a 2017 exhibit at the Allentown Art Museum which says: "The Poetry of Nature, comprised of some forty paintings by twenty-five artists ranging in date from 1818 to 1886, features a variety of important paintings conceived in the style of the Hudson River School. Bound by common purpose, these New York City-based painters often carved literal paths to remote and perilous sketching locations. Explore the confluence and tributaries of their artistic expression in this naturally wondrous exhibit." Accessed 11/17
Thomas Cole's Voyage of Life was a 2016 exhibit from Chrysler Museum of Art which says "Spanning four monumental canvases, The Voyage of Life takes viewers on a journey through Childhood, Youth, Manhood, and Old Age, presenting each stage as progress along a grand but treacherous river.... These masterpieces from the collection of the Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute in Utica, N.Y.... embark on this historic tour together with many of the artist's seldom-exhibited original drawings and preliminary studies. The Chrysler's own Thomas Cole painting, The Angel Appearing to the Shepherds, the largest single canvas he ever created, joins this extraordinary tribute to one of the founding fathers of American art." See Thomas Cole from Resource Library essay and artfixdaily.com 10/20/14 article "Chrysler Museum Becomes "Thomas Cole Central" with Monumental Works from "Voyage of Life" and Chrysler Collection" Accessed 10/16
"Women Artists of the Hudson River School" by Jennifer C. Krieger, (.pdf file) from Spring 2010 issue of Antiques & Fine Art Magazine. Accessed 5/18
In October 2012 The Metropolitan Museum of Art launched MetPublications, an online resource that offers in-depth access to the Museum's print and online publications, covering art, art history, archaeology, conservation, and collecting. Titles relating to American representational art available for free viewing via.pdf download or online reading as of 2013 include: American Paradise: The World of the Hudson River School; Avery, Kevin J., Oswaldo Rodriguez Roque, John K. Howat, Doreen Bolger Burke, and Catherine Hoover Voorsanger (1987); Hudson River School Visions: The Landscapes of Sanford R. Gifford; Avery, Kevin J., and Franklin Kelly, with Claire A. Conway, and essays by Heidi Applegate and Eleanor James Harvey (2003). Accessed August, 2015.
The San Diego Museum of Art produced a video titled Asher Brown Durand, 1796-1886, Landscape-Composition: In the Catskills, available online through ArtBabble. According to ArtBabble, "Asher B. Durand is best known today for his enduring images of the American landscape, especially of the Hudson River Valley, the Catskills, and the Adirondack Mountains in New York. A founding member of the National Academy of Design, he studied engraving before devoting himself to landscape painting and was one of the primary painters of the Hudson River School. Durand's canvases reflect the great passion and unrelenting respect he possessed for the natural environment. In the detailed charcoal study for Landscape-Composition: In the Catskills, which he probably made on site, Durand included the small figural forms in the foreground; in this, the final painting of the subject, these tiny figures, juxtaposed with the immensity of the mountains and the breadth of the land before them, emphasize the awe-inspiring presence of the land itself." Accessed June, 2015. The San Diego Museum of Art also produced a video titled Thomas Moran, Below the Towers of Tower Falls, available online through ArtBabble. According to ArtBabble, "ArtStops are 15 minute, staff-led tours of one to three works on view. Museum curators and educators present these brief yet always enlightening and informative talks every Thursday and third Tuesday at noon. This week features: Thomas Moran, Below the Towers of Tower Falls, Yellowstone Park, 1909, with Lucy Eron, Art Educator" Accessed June, 2015.
The WGBH/Boston Forum Network is an audio and video streaming web site dedicated to curating and serving live and on-demand lectures, including a number of videos on Art and Architecture. Partners include a number of museums, colleges, universities and other cultural organizations. See listings of related videos in this catalogue indexed by partner name. Boston Athenaeum partnered with the WGBH Forum Network for a series of lectures on American art by David Dearinger, who is Susan Morse Hilles Curator of Paintings and Sculpture at the Boston Athenaeum. An art historian and curator, he received his Ph.D. from the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, with a specialty in nineteenth-century American art. Titles include: Hudson River School of American Landscape Painting, (1 hour, 11 minutes) a general introduction to the famous Hudson River School of American landscape painting. [March 29, 2005]. Accessed August, 2015.
TFAO does not maintain a lending library of videos or sell videos. Click here for information on how to borrow or purchase copies of VHS videos and DVDs listed in TFAO's Videos -DVD/VHS, an authoritative guide to videos in VHS and DVD format
Above artist photos courtesy of Wikipedia.
Return to Topics in American Representational Art
Individual pages in each catalogue are continuously amended as TFAO adds content, corrects errors and reorganizes sections for improved readability. Refreshing or reloading pages enables readers to view the latest updates.
Links to sources of information outside of our web site are provided only as referrals for your further consideration. Please use due diligence in judging the quality of information contained in these and all other web sites. Information from linked sources may be inaccurate or out of date. TFAO neither recommends or endorses these referenced organizations. Although TFAO includes links to other web sites, it takes no responsibility for the content or information contained on those other sites, nor exerts any editorial or other control over them. For more information on evaluating web pages see TFAO's General Resources section in Online Resources for Collectors and Students of Art History.
Search Resource Library
Copyright 2018 Traditional Fine Arts Organization, Inc., an Arizona nonprofit corporation. All rights reserved.