Hispanic-American Art


Mexican-American Art and Artists

Chicano and Chicana Art and Artists


This section of the Traditional Fine Arts Organization (TFAO) catalogue Topics in American Art is devoted to the topic "Hispanic-American Art including Mexican-American Art and Artists Chicano and Chicana Art and Artists." Articles and essays specific to this topic published in TFAO's Resource Library are listed at the beginning of the section. Clicking on titles takes readers directly to these articles and essays. The date at the end of each title is the Resource Library publication date.

After articles and essays from Resource Library are links to valuable online resources found outside our website. Links may be to museums' articles about exhibits, plus much more topical information based on our online searches. Following online resources may be information about offline resources including museums, DVDs, and paper-printed books, journals and articles.

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From Resource Library in chronological order:


Carlos Lopez: A Forgotten Michigan Painter, essay by George Vargas (1/20/16)

Luis Gutierrez: Another Kind of Truth; essay by John Zarobell (10/12/14)

When Attitudes Become Art; essay by Christian J. Gerstheimer (2/28/14)

Serigrafía (2/27/14)

Portraits (7/21/12)

Art Along the Hyphen: The Mexican-American Generation (9/12/11)



Eduardo Carrillo: Within a Cultural Context (9/25/09)

Albino R. Hinojosa: An American Realist (9/5/09)

Confronting History: Contemporary Artists Envision the Past (2/11/09)

Cultural Landscapes: The Art of Eddie Dominguez (6/12/08)

Enrique Martínez Celaya: Nomad (12/4/07)

Enrique Martínez Celaya: Nomad; essay by Peter Boswell (12/4/07)

A Century of Retablos: The Janis and Dennis Lyon Collection of New Mexican Santos, 1780-1880 (11/20/07)

Martín Ramírez (11/15/07)

Enrique Chagoya: Borderlandia (9/28/07)

Felix Lopez, Santero (9/28/07)

Patterns and Rhythms: Paintings by Anita Rodriguez (3/2/07)

Of Thee I See: Paintings by Max-Carlos Martinez, 1994-2006; with essay by Peter Spooner (1/26/07)

Miguel Luciano (12/14/06)

Santos and Retablos (11/28/06)

CARAS VEMOS, CORAZONES NO SABEMOS. FACES SEEN, HEARTS UNKNOWN. A Blueprint to the Heart of Migration; essay by Amelia Malagamba-Ansótegui (8/28/06)

Chicano Art Crosses the Border; essay by Miki Garcia (8/28/06)

Caras Vemos, Corazones No Sabemos: The Human Landscape of Mexican Migration (8/28/06)



Taking the High Road: Art, Family and Legacy in Córdova, New Mexico (11/3/05)

Saint Makers: A Living Tradition in American Folk Art; with essay by Father Thomas J. Steele, S.J. (9/6/05)

Painted Faith: Traditional New Mexican Devotional Images; essay by Cody James Hartley (2/28/05)

Chicano (1/15/04)

En Celebración De Muerte: Offerings for All Souls' Day; article by Olga Torres-Reid (10/27/03)

Just Another Poster? Chicano Graphic Arts in California (5/23/03)

Our Saints Among Us: 400 Years of New Mexican Devotional Art (11/20/01)

Gaspar Enriquez: Elegy on the Death of César Chávez (9/2/01)

Salomón Huerta: Paintings (5/17/01)

Puerto Rican Santos de Palo: Sculptures Between Heaven and Earth (4/14/01)

Carmen Lomas Garza: A Retrospective (1/11/01)



Living the Tradition: Contemporary Hispanic Crafts from the Taylor Museum Collection (10/13/00)

Keeping Tradition Alive: The Political and Social Prints of Carlos Cortez (10/10/00)

Gustavo Victor Goler, Santero (9/24/00)

Arte Latino: Treasures from the Smithsonian American Art Museum (9/18/00)

Imágenes e Historias/Images and Histories: Chicana Altar-Inspired Art (5/19/00)

Enrique Chagoya: Locked in Paradise (5/7/00)

Mexican Fine Arts Center Museum (1/20/00)

American Nile: Field/Faith/Family (1/7/00)

Americanos: Latino Life in the United States (10/5/99)

The Latino Spirit: Hispanic Icons and Images (10/98)

Working Class Heroes: Luis Jimenez and Images from Popular Culture (4/13/98)

La Guadalupana: Images of Faith and Devotion (3/3/98)


From other websites:

Alejandro Diaz: Blame it on Mexico, an exhibit held February 21 to June 7, 2009 at the Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art. Accessed August, 2015.

Arte Latino: Treasures from the Smithsonian American Art Museum from Smithsonian American Art Museum. Includes extended labels for 73 artworks in the exhibit. Accessed August, 2015

Cheech Marin's Chicano Art Collection is a 2017 exhibit at the Philbrook Museum of Art which says: "his exhibition presents the work of 26 artists from the renowned Chicano art collection of Cheech Marin. While the pieces are linked by the common theme "community," the works illuminate the diversity of the Chicano experience through unique artistic practices and viewpoints."  Also see press release Accessed 8/17

Chicano Mural Movement from the Texas State Historical Association. Accessed August, 2015.

Consejo Fronterizo de Arte y Cultura. Accessed December, 2015.

Emilio Sanchez: Cityscapes, an exhibit held May 30 - August 12, 2012 at The Fralin Museum of Art, University of Virginia. Texts include exhibit labels. Accessed May, 2014

Galeria de la Raza, San Francisco. Accessed December, 2015.

Hispanic Traditional Arts of New Mexico was an exhibit held 2011-12 at the Albuquerque Museum which says: "The exhibition will include masterworks from the traditions of religious image making, weaving, colcha embroidery, and filigree jewelry and will also include examples of tinwork and straw appliqué." Accessed 10/16

La Raza Comica: A celebration of the Latino-American experience in the Comic Arts, an exhibit held May 5 - September 30, 2012 at the Cartoon Art Museum, San Francisco. Accessed December, 2015.

Latino Art Museum, Pomona. Accessed December, 2015.

Luis Tapia: Cada mente es un mundo is a 2017 exhibit at the Museum of Latin American Art which says: "For forty-five years, Tapia has taken the art of polychrome wood sculpture to new levels of craftsmanship while utilizing it as a medium for social and political commentary." Also see biography  at Smithsonian American Art Museum   Accessed 8/17

Mapping Another L.A.: The Chicano Art Movement, an exhibit held October 16, 2011 - February 26, 2012 at the Fowler Museum / UCLA. Includes press release. Accessed December, 2015.

Martín Ramírez, an exhibit held October 6, 2007-January 13, 2008 at the Milwaukee Art Museum. Includes 7-minute CBS Sunday Morning segmant. Accessed February, 2015.

Mexican American Exterior Murals by Daniel D. Arreola, Geographical Review. Vol. 74, No. 4 (Oct., 1984), pp. 409-424, from Jstor. Accessed August, 2015.

MEX/L.A.: "Mexican" Modernism(s) in Los Angeles, 1930-1985, an exhibit held September 18, 2011 - February 5, 2012 at the Museum of Latin American Art. Accessed December, 2015.

Mission Cultural Center for Latino Arts. Accessed December, 2015.

Mi Tierra: Contemporary Artists Explore Place is a 2017 exhibit at the Denver Art Museum which says: "Mi Tierra: Contemporary Artists Explore Place features site-specific installations by 13 Latino artists that express experiences of contemporary life in the American West." Also see press release. Accessed 3/17

Movimiento de Arte y Cultura Latino Americana. Accessed December, 2015.

Our America: The Latino Presence in American Art is an ongoing online exhibit at the Smithsonian American Art Museum which says: "This exhibition features art created since the 1950s, when long-standing Latino communities increasingly demanded equal rights, the island of Puerto Rico became a commonwealth of the United States, and newer arrivals reached the American mainland. As more and more Latino artists entered art schools, they created works stimulated by their collective group histories and U.S. artistic context." Accessed 8/17

Read Between the Lines Enrique Chagoya's Codex Prints an exhibit held January 16 - May 19, 2013 at the Haggerty Museum of Art. Accessed August, 2015.

Santa Ana Condition: John Valadez, an exhibit held Jun 10, 2012 - Sep 2, 2012 at the Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego. Includes audio clips. Accessed December, 2015.

Santos General Reading List from the Smithsonian Center for Materials Research and Education. Accessed August, 2015.

Transcultural Pilgrim: Three Decades of Work by José Bedia, an exhibit held September 18, 2011 - January 8, 2012 at the Fowler Museum / UCLA. Includes press release and video of an installation by José Bedia at the museum. Accessed December, 2015.

View from the Pier contains in Compass Rose section On the Santos Trail in Puerto Rico, published in four parts April and May, 2011. Accessed August, 2015.

Vincent Valdez: The Strangest Fruit is a 2013 exhibit at the David Winton Bell Gallery which says: "His most recent body of work, The Strangest Fruit, places realistic depictions of people known by the artist within an historical subject -- the lynching of Latinos in Texas and the United States more broadly -- metaphorically illustrating the persecution and oppression felt by contemporary Latinos in the United States."   Also see artist's website. Accessed 12/18

Arizona Public Media offers a November 29, 2007 video (03:05) on Cristina Cardenas. Originally from Guadalajara, Mexico, painter Cristina Cardenas explores the disruption of stereotypes of gender, religion and culture through her art work. Accessed May, 2015

KCET, the Los Angeles PBS affiliate, presented in its CA video archive / arts and performance section Cheech Marin's Chicano Art: Cheech Marin aims to make Chicano art part of the American mainstream. Life & Times, 2005, length: 7:54 [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]

Koehnline Museum of Art's Oakton Art Video Archives offers videos produced in connection with exhibitions. One of the archived videos is "Agustin Portillo: America" [10:08] Accessed May, 2015

KLRN in San Antonio produced San Antonio American Family Portraits. Actor and art collector Cheech Marin speaks on aspects of Chicano Art in a 4-minute video. Accessed May, 2015

Learner.org, a service of Annenberg/CPB, provides life long learning programs on the Web. Several videos in the Teacher Resources section focus on American art in the A World of Art: Work in Progress series. A World of Art is a video instructional series on art appreciation for college and high school classrooms and adult learners. Each program in this art appreciation series is devoted to a contemporary artist who takes one or more works of art from start to finish. Each show is 30 minutes in length. Judy Baca: Judy Baca, painter and activist known for her mile-long mural in Los Angeles depicting Chicano history, works on two public art projects in Southern California. [Link found to be expired as of 2015 audit. TFAO is saving the citation for use by researchers.]

From the Museum of International Folk Art, the online exhibition Sin Nombre: Hispana and Hispano Artists of the New Deal Era includes the curator's video introduction of the exhibition. Accessed May, 2015.

San Antonio American Family Portraits is produced by produced by television station KLRN9 in San Antonio. Actor and art collector Cheech Marin speaks on aspects of Chicano Art in a 4-minute video. Accessed May, 2015.



Hecho a Mano: The Traditional Arts of Tucson's Mexican American Community, by James Griffith. 105 pages. University of Arizona Press (September 1, 2000). ISBN-10: 0816518785. ISBN-13: 978-0816518784. Product Description: "Arts as intimate as a piece of needlework or a home altar. Arts as visible as decorative iron, murals, and low riders. Through such arts, members of Tucson's Mexican American community contribute much of the cultural flavor that defines the city to its residents and to the outside world. Now Tucson folklorist Jim Griffith celebrates these public and private artistic expressions and invites us to meet the people who create them. Featuring a foreword by Tucson author Patricia Preciado Martin, and a spectacular gallery of photographs, many by Pulitzer prize-winning photographer José Galvez, this remarkable book offers a close-up view of a community rich with tradition and diverse artistic expression. Hecho a Mano is a piñata bursting with unexpected treasures that will inspire and inform anyone with an interest in folk art or Mexican American culture." text courtesy of Amazon.com


DVD/VHS videos:

Ana Mendieta: Fuego de Tierra, 1987, Nereyda García-Ferraz, director. This video is a portrait of the life and work of Ana Mendieta. Interview footage with the artist and her own filmed records of her earthworks and performances are incorporated to render a vivid testament to her energy and extraordinary talent. Available through the Des Moines Art Center. 52 minutes, not-rated.
Art of Resistance, The. Seven Chicano artists talk about their work and how it has contributed to the civil rights movement for Mexican Americans. 26 min. Video/C 4076 from Media Resources Center, Library, University of California, Berkeley.
El Favor de los Santos: The Sacred Iconography of Retablos and Exvotos is a 57 minute video from 2002 described by madison Art Shop as follows: "With the introduction of Christianity to the Aztec peoples, a new kind of religious iconography arose: retablos and exvotos. Traditionally painted on tin, retablos tell of the lives of the saints while exvotos give thanks for miracles granted. This program brings together art historians, preservationists, and religious practitioners to look at the stories embedded in these paintings and their significance for those who pray to them. Among those interviewed are Refugio I. Rochin, director of Latino Initiatives at the Smithsonian Institution; Father Manuel Olimon Nolasco, director of the National Commission of Sacred Art, Mexico; and Charles Lovell, director of the New Mexico State University Art Gallery."
Enrique Martínez Celaya, Interview with Howard Fox, LACMA, Whale and Star, Los Angeles, California, 2000. One hour. Color. (left cover photo)
Enrique Martínez Celaya, A Walkthrough with the Artist at The Contemporary Museum, Honolulu, Whale and Star, Los Angeles, California, 2001. Two hours, Forty minutes. Color. (center cover photo)
Enrique Martínez Celaya, Studio Days, Media Art Services, Venice, California, 2001. Filmed and Edited by Peter Kirby. Thirty minutes. Color. (right cover photo)

Latino Art and Culture from the National Museum of American Art Examines ways that seven contemporary Latino artists from various communities have provided artistic contributions in the United States. Artists talk about themselves, their work, and their environment. Study guide, 28-minute video, 14 slides, 10 small prints Description source: Amon Carter Museum Teacher Resource Center. The Museum contains a comprehensive lending library including many videos. TFAO wishes to extend appreciation to Katherine Moloney, Teaching and Visual Resources Coordinator, for acquainting TFAO with the Museum's collection.
Los Four; Murals of Aztlan: the Street Painters of East Los Angeles. Two documentaries on key moments and figures in Chicano art. Los Four documents the first exhibition of Chicano artists held at a major art museum, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, in 1974. Murals of Aztlan documents the exhibition of the same name at the Craft and Folk Art Museum of Los Angeles in 1981. Featured artists include Los Four (Carlos Almaraz, Gilbert "Magu" Sanchez Lujan, Roberto de la Rocha, Frank Romero), Gronk, Judith Hernandez, Willie Herron, John Valadez, and others. Released as motion pictures in 1974 and 1981. Producer, director, James Tartan. 46 min. DVD 2785 from Media Resources Center, Library, University of California, Berkeley.
Santeros = Saintmakers. Documents the lifestyle and attitudes of five New Mexican artisans who continue the 300 year-old traditions of the earliest santeros. 33 min. Video/C 1341 from Media Resources Center, Library, University of California, Berkeley.
Visiones: Latino Art and Culture, is "The first documentary television series to look at the diverse contributions that U.S. Latinos have made to America's artistic and cultural landscape".according to Internet Movie Database Inc. Visiones: Latino Art and Culture, a production of The National Association of Latino Arts and Culture and Galán Incorporated, is a six-part series is divided into themes that capture different art forms.
Episode 1: Museums of the streets -- Nuyorican spoken world -- Cartoonista; Episode 2: Miracle on 47th Street -- Santeros -- Remembering Selena; Episode 3: Born into theatre -- Ceremony of memory -- Dreams in 8 mm -- Soapbox artist. Captures contemporary Latino artists in the United States reinventing rich traditions and creating new art forms that challenge, provoke and entertain. Performers: Judith Baca, Amelia Mesa-Bains, Ray Patlan, Carlos Tortolero, Carlos Cortez, Gamaliel Ramirez, Raul Salinas, Piri Thomas, Juan Gonzalez, Pedro Pietri, Lalo Lopez Alcaraz, Miriam Colon, Jorge Merced, Sabine Ulibarri, Sylvia Rodriguez, Charles Carillo, Nicholas Herrera, Deborah Paredez, Selena, Luis Valdez, Cesar Martinez, Willie Varela, Carlos Cortez. 78 min. DVD 3095 from Media Resources Center, Library, University of California, Berkeley.
Episode 4: Hip hop nation -- Miami sound -- Rudy Perez; Episode 5: Taco shop poets -- Carpas -- Art of performance; Episode 6: House of dreams -- Prima ballerina -- Lydia Mendoza -- Father of Chicano music. Performers: Raquel Rivera, Willy Chirino, Lissette, Raul Murciano, Rudy Perez, Sasha Anawalt, David Avalos, Evelyn Cruz, Amparo Garcia, Peter Haney, Paulina Sahagun, Tomas Benitez, Carolina Ponce de Leon, Amalia Mesa-Bains, John Santos, Evelyn Cisneros, Anthony Randazzo, Lydia Mendoza, Yolanda Broyles-Gonzalez, Lalo Guerrero.78 min. DVD 3095 from Media Resources Center, Library, University of California, Berkeley.

TFAO does not maintain a lending library of videos or sell videos. Click here for information on how to borrow or purchase copies of VHS videos and DVDs listed in TFAO's Videos -DVD/VHS, an authoritative guide to videos in VHS and DVD format.

TFAO extends thanks to Chet Murray for suggesting information for this topic.


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