Reynolda House Museum of American Art
Woman's World, 1880-1920: from Object to Subject
September 22 - November 26, 2000
Pictures of and about women have Long been an essential subject of art. In the late nineteenth century there was a resurgent interest in the subject of women and the worlds they inhabited. Images of women were vested with iconic importance even though they were generally without religious significance. Women were viewed as the keepers of the domestic sphere while their husbands or fathers exerted control over the business, social, and civic world. As women's roles changed within late nineteenth and early twentieth century society, so too did the ways they were portrayed. During this period women's concerns began to extend past the doors of their homes into questions of cultural, civic, and societal rights. Among their charitable activities some sought to provide training for those less fortunate women so that they might earn their living in an honorable way. Others devoted themselves to literary or artistic careers, making well-respected names for themselves in their chosen fields. By 1920, with the passage of the 19th Amendment confirming women's right to vote, the changes in expectations of women's place in American life had irrevocably changed.
This special exhibition will focus on a range of image types in paintings, prints and sculpture of women and explore their shifting meanings. Twenty-one confirmed objects include:
John White Alexander (1856-1915), Alethea, 1895, Private Collection
Will H. Bradley (1868-1962) Victor Bicycles / Overman Wheel Co., 1896, Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Mary Cassatt (1844-1926), Madame Gaillard and Her Daughter, 1897, Reynolda House, Museum of American Art
William Merritt Chase (1849-1916), In the Studio, c. 1884, Reynolda House, Museum of American Art (see left)
Arthur Bowen Davies (1862-1928), The Pool, c..1908-10, Private Collection
Charles Dana Gibson (1867-1944), The Princess Sonia / A Romance of Girl Art Life in Paris, 1895, Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Charles Dana Gibson (1867-1944), That Delicious Moment, 1894, Library Collection, Reynolda House, Museum of American Art
G. Howard Hilder (1866-1935), Cover, Vogue, June 24, 1909, Private Collection
Frances Benjamin Johnston (1864-1952), Self-Portrait, c. 1896, Library of Congress, Negative Number LC-J698-100011
George Lepape (1887-1971), Cover, Vogue, June 15, 1920, Private Collection
George Lepape (1887-1971), Cover, Vogue, January 15, 19371 Private Collection
Frank X. Leyendecker (1877-1924), Cover, Leslie's (September 15th, 1917), 'The Angel," Library Collection, Reynolda House, Museum of American Art
Gari Melchers (1860-1932), The China Closet, 1904-05, Belmont, The Gari Melchers Estate and Memorial Gallery
Albert Morrow (1863-1927), The New Woman, 1897, Lent Anonymously
Augustus Saint-Gaudens (1848-1907), Mrs. Schuyler (Mariana Griswold) Van Renssellaer, 1888, Private Collection
John Singer Sargent (1856-1925), Portrait of Countess Laura Spinola Nunez del Castillo, 1896, Private Collection (see left)
John Sloan (1871-1951), Turning Out the Light; 1905, from the New York City Life series, Reynolda House, Museum of American Art
John Sloan (1871-1951), The Women's Page, 1905, from the New York City Life series, Reynolda House, Museum of American Art
John Henry Twachtman (1853-1902), The Damnation of Theron Ware / Or Illumination, 1896, Lent by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Museum Accession, 1957 57.627.10(22)
Bessie Potter Vonnoh 1872-1955), Enthroned, 1902, Private Collection
Abraham Walkowitz (1880-1965), Isadora Duncan, 1916, Reynolda House, Museum of American Art
Read more about Reynolda House Museum of American Art in Resource Library Magazine
Please click on thumbnail images bordered by a red line to see enlargements.
For further biographical information on selected artists cited above please see America's Distinguished Artists, a national registry of historic artists.
This page was originally published in Resource Library Magazine. Please see Resource Library's Overview section for more information. rev. 3/18/11
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