National Gallery of Art
Interior of East Building atrium of National Gallery of Art, featuring Alexander Calder mobile; photo: John Hazeltine, ©1987
Twentieth-Century American Art: The Ebsworth Collection
"Twentieth-Century American Art: The Ebsworth Collection," presenting more than 70 works from one of the premier private holdings of American modernist art, will be on view in the East Building of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, 5 March through 11 June 2000. The selections, from the collection of Mr. and Mrs. Barney A. Ebsworth of St. Louis, Missouri, reveal the dramatic development of American modernism. They include important paintings and a small number of exceptional sculptures and works on paper by such renowned artists as Charles Burchfield, Alexander Calder, Charles Demuth, Willem de Kooning, Arthur Dove, Arshile Gorky, Morris Graves,Marsden Hartley, David Hockney, Edward Hopper, William Glackens, O. Louis Guglielmi, Jasper Johns, Ellsworth Kelly, Gaston Lachaise, Franz Kline, John Marin, Joan Mitchell,Alice Neel, Georgia O'Keeffe, Claes Oldenburg, Jackson Pollock, Robert Rauschenberg, Charles Sheeler, David Smith, Joseph Stella, Wayne Thiebaud, andAndy Warhol, in addition to less familiar names such as George Ault, Peter Blume, J. Francis Criss, John Storrs, Bob Thompson, and others.
The exhibition is organized by the National Gallery. It will travel to the Seattle Art Museum, where it will be on view 10 August through 12 November 2000.
"The Ebsworths selected works to please themselves, and not, as often happens with museum collections, to present a visual version of the accepted linear history of modern art. This offers visitors an opportunity to view the development of American modern art from fresh perspectives," said Earl A. Powell III, director, National Gallery of Art. "We are very grateful to the Ebsworths for their generosity in making their collection available for this exhibition."
Barney Ebsworth has been a member of the Gallery's Trustees' Council and co-chair of its Collectors Committee since 1996. In 1997 the Ebsworths gave the Gallery Or (1973), its first work by Pat Steir. In 1998 they funded the purchase of another painting by the same artist, Curtain Waterfall (1991), and made a partial and promised gift of Georgia O'Keeffe's Black White and Blue (1930).
The exhibition begins with American modernism's roots in European art as seen in the 1913 Armory Show in New York City, to its dominance on the world scene, and ends in the late 1960s, just before many critics proclaimed the death of painting. Among the well-known masterworks are Charles Sheeler's stunning paintings of the Ford Motor Company's then-modern River Rouge plant near Detroit, such as Classic Landscape (1931); Georgia O'Keeffe's Black White and Blue (1930), the culmination of a series of cross paintings that the artist made in New Mexico; O. Louis Guglielmi's extraordinary surrealist works: Mental Geography (1938) and Land of Canaan(1934); and Andy Warhol's Campbell's Soup with Can Opener (1962), the only painting of its kind from his iconic series featuring an opener poised to cut through the can lid.
Works by established artists are seen anew when placed in juxtaposition with works by their lesser-known contemporaries. The biomorphic abstractions in Arshile Gorky's Good Afternoon Mrs. Lincoln (1944) are similar in approach to Alice Trumbull Mason's Forms Evoked (1940). The spare and surreal atmosphere in Edward Hopper's classic Chop Suey (1929) is also seen in Francis Criss' Melancholy Interlude (Grain Elevator) (1939). These juxtapositions illustrate the value of this great single collection: it allows the viewer to create his or her own history of American art and its relationship to American culture.
The curator for the exhibition is Franklin Kelly, curator of American and British paintings at the National Gallery of Art. The fully illustrated catalogue to be published by the National Gallery of Art and Harry N. Abrams, Inc., includes an introductory essay by Bruce Robertson, professor of art history, University of California, Santa Barbara, and entries on each of the works written by National Gallery of Art curators.
Read more in Resource Library Magazine on the National Gallery of Art
For further biographical information on selected artists cited above please see America's Distinguished Artists, a national registry of historic artists.
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